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Slovakia anti-graft party stuns in vote haunted by journalist murder

By AFP - Mar 01,2020 - Last updated at Mar 01,2020

BRATISLAVA — A centre-right opposition party focused on rooting out graft was on course to form Slovakia’s next government on Sunday after voters ousted the governing populist-left in a general election marked by an angry backlash over the 2018 murder of a journalist probing corruption in the eurozone state.

Vowing to push through anti-corruption measures in the judiciary and police, the leader of the winning OLaNO Party Igor Matovic galvanised voter outrage over the murder of journalist Jan Kuciak and his fiancee, and the high-level graft their deaths exposed.

The killings — allegedly a hit ordered by a businessman with connections to politicians — triggered the largest anti-government protests since communist times and led to the toppling of the powerful head of the populist-left Smer-Social Democracy (Smer-SD) Robert Fico as prime minister in 2018.

Fico’s party colleague Peter Pellegrini took over as premier, but he conceded defeat overnight, congratulating Matovic on his stunning victory in Saturday’s vote.

“People want us to clean up Slovakia. They want us to make Slovakia a fair country where laws will apply to everyone,” Matovic told reporters overnight as results showed his party skyrocketing to victory by more than quadrupling its seats.

“It was the death of Jan Kuciak and Martina Kusnirova that woke up Slovakia,” he said, vowing that his administration will have “zero tolerance for corruption”.

But according to Bratislava-based political analyst Juraj Marusiak, the centre-right OLaNO’s win should not be seen as an outright rejection of populist politics.

He characterised Smer-SD’s ousting as a “victory of right-wing conservative populism” reminiscent of the rise of right-wing populist parties in neighbouring EU countries.

“In this respect, the situation in Slovakia resembles that of its neighbours, Hungary or Poland or the Czech Republic,” he said, but characterised OLaNO as more a “heterogeneous, protest-type party” than other governing right-wing parties in the region.


Coalition talks 


OLaNO took 25.02 per cent for 53 seats in the 150-member parliament, full results from the Saturday election showed, and is expected to seek coalition partners to clinch a majority of 78 or even a constitutional majority of 90.

Matovic said he expected to open talks with all parties except the outgoing Smer-SD, which won 18.29 per cent for 38 seats, and the far-right Our Slovakia LSNS, which received 7.97 per cent for 17 seats.

Matovic said he would seek talks with the We Are Family conservatives, who scored 8.24 per cent for 17 seats, as well as the liberal Freedom and Solidarity (SaS) party and the fellow liberal “For the People” party of ex-president Andrej Kiska — which got 13 and 12 seats respectively.

But on Sunday he insisted he was “not sure” he would become PM, saying it “depends if we can agree” with coalition partners and that the president “has the power to decide otherwise”.

President Zuzana Caputova, a liberal, said Sunday on Facebook that she would announce her “next steps” on Monday, while Matovic said earlier she had already invited him to talks via telephone.

Under the constitution, there is no deadline for the formation of a government. The president is required to call the first session of the new parliament within 30 days after official election results are published.


‘Thirsty for power’ 


An eccentric self-made millionaire and former media boss, Matovic set up “Ordinary People and Independent Personalities — OLaNO” a decade ago.

Analysts suggest that Matovic, a 46-year-old media-savvy but unpredictable politician, has a good shot at becoming premier if he manages to unify the splintered opposition.

“There is a chance that this new government will last until the end of its term,” said Slovakia analyst Tomas Koziak, the Rector of the University of Political Sciences based in Kutna Hora, Czech Republic.

“These parties have been in opposition for a very long time, therefore their top politicians are thirsty for power. Power is the strongest glue,” Koziak told AFP.

The murder of Kuciak and his fiancee became a lightning rod for public outrage at graft in public life.

The fallout helped propel Zuzana Caputova, a liberal lawyer and anti-graft activist, out of nowhere to win last year’s presidential race in the country of 5.4 million people.

The turnout for Saturday’s vote was 65.80 per cent, full results showed — the highest in nearly two decades.

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