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Yemen gov’t forces retake key port city from Al Qaeda

By AFP - Apr 25,2016 - Last updated at Apr 25,2016

ADEN — Yemeni troops have recaptured a key port city from Al Qaeda militants who held it for a year, in what a Saudi-led coalition hailed Monday as a major victory in which over 800 militants were killed.

The assault on the southeastern city of Mukalla, home to some 200,000 people, was part of a wider counteroffensive against the extremists launched by pro-government forces last month after a year in which they had focused their firepower on Shiite Houthi rebels who control the capital.

It comes as government and rebel delegations hold peace talks in Kuwait and after US President Barack Obama, during a visit to Saudi Arabia, called for a negotiated settlement that would enable both sides to turn their attention on Al Qaeda.

At the talks, which opened last Thursday, UN envoy Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed said that "significant differences... remain but nonetheless there is consensus on the need to make peace".

The peace talks and Obama visit have contributed to a change in "strategic priorities", with Al Qaeda back at the top, according to the Soufan Group consultancy.

The extremists’ Yemen-based branch, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), is regarded by Washington as their most dangerous and the group's militants have come under repeated US air and drone strikes in and around Mukalla.

The militants used the area as a base to plan attacks overseas, including a January 2015 assault on French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo that killed 12 people in Paris.

"We entered the city centre and were met by no resistance from Al Qaeda militants who withdrew west," a military officer told AFP by telephone from Mukalla.

The officer, who requested anonymity, said residents had appealed to the extremists to spare the city the destruction of fighting and to withdraw.


Al Qaeda car bombing 


Government troops were backed by special forces from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, as well as coalition air strikes, commanders said in a statement published by the official Saudi Press Agency. 

Loyalist forces also recaptured a swathe of the adjacent Arabian Sea coast, including the city of Shihr and its Mina Al Dhaba oil terminal as well as Mukalla's Riyan airport.

"The operation resulted... in the deaths of more than 800 Al Qaeda members and some of their leaders, while some others fled," the coalition commanders said. 

The death toll could not be independently confirmed and no indication was given of any civilian casualties.

Mukalla is one of a number of southern cities that Al Qaeda had overrun since the Saudi-led coalition launched its military intervention in March last year when President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi fled into exile after the Iran-backed rebels seized much of the country.

The extremists overran two other provincial capitals further west — Huta, which government forces recaptured last week, and Zinjibar which they entered late on Saturday, only to beat a tactical retreat.

An Al Qaeda car bomb killed seven soldiers and wounded 14 as they were entering Zinjibar on Sunday triggering the pullback, military sources said.

“The withdrawal was decided following information that Al Qaeda was preparing other car bomb attacks against our troops,” an officer in the province told AFP.

The counter-offensive against the extremists has come as a fragile April 11 ceasefire between pro-government forces and the rebels firms up.


US drone war 


Washington, which has provided reconnaissance and refuelling support for the coalition air campaign, had put mounting pressure on coalition leaders to call a halt and seek a negotiated settlement.

Obama joined a Gulf summit last week and Pentagon chief Ashton Carter also held talks with Gulf counterparts.

Washington has been waging a drone war against AQAP since November 2002, when it killed the suspected mastermind of an October 2000 bombing of a US destroyer that killed 17 sailors in the southern port of Aden.

In April last year, a US air strike killed AQAP commander Nasser Bin Ali Al Ansi, who claimed responsibility for the Charlie Hebdo attack in a video, outside the presidential palace in Mukalla where the jihadists had set up base.

Last month, an air strike on an AQAP training camp in Hajr, west of Mukalla, killed more than 70 extremists, provincial officials said.


During its year-long rule in Mukalla, AQAP imposed its strict interpretation of sharia (Islamic law) forbidding consumption of the mild narcotic qat, a mainstay of Yemeni social life, and demolishing the tombs of revered Sufi mystics.

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