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Victory over Daesh to be announced after enclave searched — SDF

By Reuters - Mar 21,2019 - Last updated at Mar 21,2019

This photo taken on Thursday shows a view of destroyed houses and vehicles in the village of Sousa, near the village of Baghouz in the eastern Syrian province of Deir Ezzor (AFP photo)

BAGHOUZ, Syria — US-backed Syrian forces were sweeping on Thursday through the final enclave that had been held by Daesh fighters, and said they would declare the group defeated once a search for hidden mines and extremist holdouts was complete.

"Our forces are still conducting combing and search operations and as soon as they are finished we will announce the liberation," Mustafa Bali, spokesman for the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), said in a note to journalists.

Bali told Reuters the operation included sweeping for mines and combing for fighters still hidden in trenches and tunnels dug beneath Baghouz, the last patch of Daesh territory.

The last clashes reported by the SDF were on Tuesday, indicating that major fighting is over in the last big battle of a five year international campaign against a self-proclaimed caliphate that once comprised a third of both Iraq and Syria.

The SDF, backed by US air power, swept on Tuesday into a camp where hundreds of fighters had been making their last stand with thousands of civilians, many their own wives and children.

The situation in Baghouz appeared calm for a second consecutive day, a Reuters journalist in Baghouz said. Warplanes with the US-led coalition, including drones, could be seen overhead.

A news outlet with close ties to the Syrian Kurdish-led authorities, Hawar, reported that the operation was now finished and Daesh defeated. But an SDF denial swiftly made clear it was not quite prepared to declare victory yet. 

A propaganda video carrying the mark of a Daesh news outlet and distributed among online followers of the group on Thursday showed footage from inside Baghouz and a fighter calling for Muslims in Western countries to stage attacks. 

The International Rescue Committee (IRC) said another 2,000 women and children had arrived late on Wednesday at the Al Hol camp in north-eastern Syria that has received tens of thousands of people who have poured out of the shrinking Daesh territory.

“These women and children are in the worst condition we have seen since the crisis first began. Many have been caught up in the fighting and dozens have been burnt or badly injured by shrapnel,” Wendy Taeuber, the IRC’s Iraq and northeast Syria country director, said in a statement.

“We are expecting another 3,000 to arrive soon and we are very worried that they may be in even worse shape.”

A report issued by the United Nations’ population fund, the UNFPA, on Thursday said “it is estimated that around 7,000 people are still inside” Baghouz, without elaborating. 

The Al Hol camp is now holding more than 72,000 people, including more than 40,000 children, the IRC said. The total number of deaths on the way to it or shortly after arriving now stood at 138, the overwhelming number of them babies and infants.

Of the 1,248 pregnant women and girls in the camp, up to 15 per cent were younger than 18, the UNFPA said. 

Though the defeat of Daesh at Baghouz ends its grip over populated territory, it remains a threat, with fighters operating in remote territory elsewhere and capable of mounting insurgent attacks.

The US military has warned that Daesh may still count tens of thousands of fighters, dispersed throughout Iraq and Syria, with enough leaders and resources to present a menacing insurgency.

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, on a visit to Jerusalem, told reporters victory was “close”.

He was proud of “the work that the United States did, the Department of Defence did, that the folks fighting down in the Euphrates River valley did”, he said. “The threat from radical Islamic terrorism remains. We need to finish out the last few square metres there, in Syria. Still work to do.”

The Pentagon’s internal watchdog released a report last month saying Daesh remained an active insurgent group and was regenerating functions and capabilities more quickly in Iraq than in Syria. The group could resurge in Syria within 6-12 months and regain limited territory without sustained pressure.

The United States believes Iraq is the location of its leader Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi, who stood at the pulpit of the great medieval mosque in Mosul in 2014 to declare himself caliph, sovereign over all Muslims.

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