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Sudan protesters set demands as military rulers urge global support

By AFP - Apr 15,2019 - Last updated at Apr 15,2019

Demonstrators gather in the Sudanese capital Khartoum on Sunday (AFP photo)

KHARTOUM — Sudanese protesters demanded new military rulers set up a civilian government as the foreign ministry called Sunday for backing from the international community to help the country's "democratic transition". 

Thousands remained encamped outside Khartoum's army headquarters overnight to keep up pressure on a military council that took power after ousting veteran leader Omar Al Bashir on Thursday.

A 10-member delegation representing the protesters delivered their demands during talks with the council late Saturday, according to a statement by Alliance for Freedom and Change umbrella group spearheading the rallies.

"We will continue... our sit-in until all our demands are met," including the formation of a fully civilian government, said one of the alliance's leaders, Omar Al Degier. 

Sudan's military rulers must "immediately" transfer power to a new civilian government which should then bring ousted leader Bashir to justice, the group that spearheaded protests against him said Sunday.

"We are calling on the military council to immediately transfer power to a civilian government," the Sudanese Professionals Association said.

In a statement, it called on the next "transitional government and the armed forces to bring Bashir and all the chiefs of the National Intelligence and Security Service... to justice".

Later the military council met with political parties and urged them to agree on an "independent figure" to be the country's prime minister, an AFP correspondent present at the meeting said.

“We want to set up a civilian state based on freedom, justice and democracy,” a member of the military council Lt. Gen. Yasser Al Ata told several political parties, urging them to agree on the figures to sit in civilian government.

The protestors have insisted that civilian representatives must join the military council, and demanded that a fully civilian government be set up to run day-to-day affairs.

Meanwhile, the foreign ministry urged the international community to back the military council “to achieve the Sudanese goal of democratic transition”, it said in a statement. 

The council chief Gen. Abdel Fattah Al Burhan is “committed to having a complete civilian government and the role of the council will be to maintain the sovereignty of the country”, it added.

Talks between protest leaders and Sudan’s new rulers were followed Sunday by a meeting between Washington’s top envoy to Khartoum, Steven Koutsis, and the military council’s deputy.

Mohammad Hamdan Daglo, widely known as Himeidti, told Koutsis “about the measures taken by the military council to preserve the security and stability of the country”, the official SUNA news agency reported.

Himeidti is a field commander for the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) counterinsurgency unit, which rights groups have accused of abuses in the war-torn Darfur region.


Burhan talks the talk 


On Saturday, the military council’s new chief Gen. Burhan vowed to dismantle Bashir’s regime, lifting a night-time curfew with immediate effect.

He also pledged that individuals implicated in killing protesters would face justice and that protesters detained under a state of emergency imposed by Bashir during his final weeks in power would be freed.

Burhan took the oath of office on Friday after his predecessor Gen. Awad Ibn Ouf stepped down little more than 24 hours after ousting Bashir.

Tens of thousands of people have massed non-stop outside the army headquarters since April 6, initially to urge the military to back their demand that Bashir be removed.

Burhan comes with less baggage from Bashir’s deeply unpopular rule than Ibn Ouf, a former defence minister and long-time close aide of the deposed president.

But while celebrating the fall of both men in quick succession, protesters remain cautious.

Protest leaders say their demands include restructuring the country’s feared National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS), whose chief Salih Ghosh resigned on Saturday.

Rights group Amnesty International on Saturday urged the military council to examine Ghosh’s actions during a crackdown against protesters during the final weeks of Bashir’s rule. 

“It is crucial that Sudan’s new authorities investigate Salah Ghosh’s role in the killings of scores of Sudanese protesters over the past four months,” said Amnesty’s Regional Director Sarah Jackson.


Gulf allies voice support 


The newly formed 10-member transitional council contains several faces from Bashir’s regime. 

On Saturday evening, the new military ruler named NISS deputy head Jalaluddin Sheikh to the council, with Himeidti as its deputy head.

“Himeidti was part of the crimes that happened previously, but at least now he is on the side of the people,” said Mohamed, a protester outside the army headquarters who gave only his first name for security reasons.

Key regional power-brokers Saudi Arabia and the UAE have voiced backing for the transitional council. 

Burhan’s nomination “reflects the ambitions of the brotherly people of Sudan for security, stability and development”, UAE state news agency WAM said. 

Saudi Arabia has promised an aid package, the Saudi Press Agency reported Saturday.

Sudan is part of a UAE and Saudi-led military coalition fighting Iran-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen.

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