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Turkey troops, Syria extremists clash ahead of expected incursion

By AFP - Oct 09,2017 - Last updated at Oct 09,2017

A Turkish soldier stands on an army armoured vehicle on Sunday at Syria-Turkey border at Reyhanli district in Hatay (AFP photo)

REYHANLI, Turkey — Turkish troops on Sunday exchanged fire with Syria-based extremists as Ankara massed military vehicles on the frontier ahead of an expected incursion to oust Al Qaeda's former Syrian affiliate from Idlib province.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the operation by pro-Ankara Syrian rebel forces backed by the Turkish army, whose launch he announced the day before, was "having no problem" and continuing "in a calm way".

Most of the northwestern region is controlled by Hayat Tahrir Al Sham (HTS), a group led by Al Qaeda's former Syria affiliate, which ousted more moderate rebels in recent months.

Turkey has massed special forces and military hardware including tanks on the border, but the operation has yet to begin in earnest, monitors and sources on the ground said.

But Turkish forces fired seven mortars over the border with the aim of easing the passage of the pro-Ankara Syrian forces, the Dogan news agency reported.

Turkish forces have also been seen removing parts of the security wall Ankara has built on the border so that military vehicles can pass through into Syria.

Pro-government media said that the operation was now into its “second day”. Erdogan had said the day earlier Turkish forces were not yet operating in Syria although the allied Syrian forces were.


‘HTS warns’ 


On Sunday morning, HTS extremists opened fire on Turkish forces removing part of a wall along the border between Turkey and Idlib, witnesses and the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitor said.

Turkish armoured vehicles and troops were waiting on the border, from where smoke could be seen from the mortar fire, an AFP photographer said.

Television images showed locals in the Turkish border town of Reyhanli in Hatay province cheering as more armoured vehicles were driven through the town overnight.

Ankara wants to oust the HTS from Idlib in order to create a de-escalation zone into which it can send military monitors to implement a ceasefire.

Turkey, along with Syrian regime allies Russia and Iran, earlier this year agreed a deal to implement four such ceasefire zones in Syria as a prelude to talks on a peace deal.

The zone encompassing Idlib is the last one to go into effect, and its implementation has been held up by fierce opposition from HTS.

On Saturday, the group warned “treacherous factions that stand by the side of the Russian occupier” should only enter the area if they want “their mothers to be bereaved, their children to be orphaned, their wives to be widowed”. 


‘Tomorrow Afrin’ 


Turkey earlier this year wrapped up its half year Euphrates Shield operation against extremists and Kurdish militia in Aleppo province that involved both the Turkish army and Syrian rebels.

The Hurriyet daily said the pro-Ankara forces involved in this operation, which Turkey calls the Free Syrian Army (FSA), would be the same as in Euphrates Shield.

“Since summer, Turkey has been reorganising those rebels and pulling them into a new politico-military structure that is supposed to be more cohesive,” said Aron Lund, fellow with The Century Foundation think tank.

Turkey is working in cooperation with Russia even though they have been at loggerheads throughout the over six-year Syrian civil war that has killed an estimated 330,000 people since 2011.

Moscow has backed the regime — tipping the balance in the conflict with a military intervention from 2015. But Ankara supported the rebels seeking to oust President Bashar Assad.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that warplanes carried out strikes on a market in the town of Maaret Al Numan in southern Idlib, killing at least eight people, among them two children at least. But it was not clear where they were from.

Turkey has also long warned it could also move against the People’s Protection Units (YPG) Kurdish militia who control Afrin to the east and which Ankara considers a terror group.

In a warning to the YPG, Erdogan said in a speech to his ruling party on Sunday that Turkey would “destroy” any “terror corridor” stretching to the Mediterranean.

He said Turkey would not tolerate the existence of a “new Kobane”, referring to the Syrian town that was captured by extremists in 2014 but then retaken by the YPG in 2015, and has since become a hub for the group.

“We do not want to experience a new Kobane and we will not see this,” he said.


“Today Idlib, tomorrow Afrin,” said the headline in the Yeni Safak daily.

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