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Syrian army, its Iranian-backed militia allies demand surrender of rebels near Israel border

Rebels say they were given 72 hours to surrender

By Reuters - Dec 27,2017 - Last updated at Dec 27,2017

A Syrian rebel fighter belonging to the US-backed Mutasem brigades fires an anti-aircraft gun mounted on the back of a pickup truck as he receives heavy weapons training near the rebel-held village of Shamarin in the north of Aleppo province on Wednesday (AFP photo)

AMMAN — Syrian rebels pinned down in a strategic area where the Israeli and Lebanese borders meet with Syria were handed an ultimatum by the Syrian army and its Iranian-backed militia allies to either surrender or face certain military defeat, rebels said on Tuesday.

The Syrian army backed by local militias financed and equipped by Iran alongside Druze fighters from the area have been escalating a fierce assault against rebels in an enclave in the foothills of Mount Hermon, close to both the Israeli and Lebanese borders.

"They were given 72 hours to surrender with fighters to go to Idlib or those who want to stay have to reach a settlement," said Ibrahim Al Jebawi, a Free Syrian Army (FSA) official familiar with the situation on the ground.

Another rebel official who asked not to be named said they were told either to "surrender or a military solution".

The rebels have now been left encircled in Beit Jin, their main stronghold after losing strategic hills and farms around it this week after over two months of near daily shelling and aerial strikes.

Iran-backed Lebanon's Hizbollah's media unit said insurgents had agreed to negotiate surrender terms and said negotiations had already begun over their evacuation in the next few days to rebel-held Idlib.

The Syrian army has used similar tactics of pushing opponents to rebel areas further from the Syrian capital after a twin tactic of siege and months of strikes on residential areas.

There were also more than 8,000 civilians who have been trapped in the remaining enclaves with their plight worsening, according to rebel spokesman Sohaib Alraheel.

Israel, which Syria accuses of helping the rebels, is alarmed at the growing Iranian military influence in the occupied Golan Heights and has stepped up its strikes against pro-Iranian targets inside Syria.

Israel has been lobbying both big powers to deny Iran, Lebanon's Hizbollah and other Shiite militias any permanent bases in Syria, and to keep them away from the Golan, as they gain ground while helping Damascus beat back Sunni-led rebels.

Early this month there was an Israeli strike on a base near Kiswah, south of Damascus, that was widely believed to be an Iranian military compound, a Western intelligence source said.

Hizbollah's bastion in southern Lebanon is only a few kilometres from the rebel enclave, and securing a supply line from its stronghold into Syria's Quneitra province was a major strategic gain, rebels and defence analysts say.

"Now Hizbollah will have a bigger foothold on the Syrian side of the Golan and it is desperate to link this area with southern Lebanon," Al Jebawi added.


Israel had warned Hizbollah against trying to open a front in the Golan Heights and was believed to be behind the killing a prominent commander in an air strike in 2015 whom the group later admitted had overseen a local Hizbollah presence in the area.

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