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Gulf-backed government loyalists advance in Yemen

By AFP - Aug 12,2015 - Last updated at Aug 12,2015

Yemeni supporters of the Shiite Houthi rebel movement raise their weapons during a rally to protest against a military offensive by a Saudi-led coalition, on Tuesday in the capital Sanaa (AFP photo)

ADEN — Saudi-backed forces loyal to Yemen's exiled government captured more territory from Iran-backed rebels Tuesday as they pressed an advance that has seen them retake large parts of the country's south.

Aid agencies voiced alarm over the "catastrophic" humanitarian situation in the impoverished nation, devastated by months of fighting.

The gains by forces backing President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi have been aided by weapons and troops from Gulf countries, as Saudi-led coalition warplanes continue to pound rebel positions.

The Popular Resistance Committees, comprising pro-government fighters, Sunni tribes and southern separatists, seized overnight the town of Utmah, about 100 kilometres south of capital Sanaa, military officials said.

The town is in the Shiite majority province of Dhammar, which borders Sanaa province, where Iran-backed rebels have held the capital since September.

Meanwhile, fierce clashes between local pro-government militia and the rebels rocked Arhab, just 25 kilometres north of Sanaa, military sources said.

"Sanaa is the real target" of the advancing pro-Hadi forces, said analyst Mustafa Al Ani, from the Gulf Research Centre.

Complaining of marginalisation, the Houthis descended from their northern stronghold last year and seized Sanaa unopposed before advancing on second city Aden in March.

Loyalists have launched a major counter-offensive in recent weeks and recaptured four southern provinces — Abyan, Aden, Daleh, and Lahj — from rebels.

Late Monday, they took Loder, the last rebel-held town in Abyan, and were poised to enter the southern Shabwa province.

Loyalists seized six towns in the mountainous central Ibb province, where local Sunni tribes have been clashing with Houthi insurgents for months, military officials said.

Taez key to capital 

The advance is heading toward third city Taez, southwest of Sanaa.

Pro-government militia sources said clashes were ongoing in the city itself, which would prove a major fillip for loyalists if taken.

The government's website reported that 36 rebels were killed in the fighting late Monday.

The sweeping victories in the south are a result of the rebels pulling their forces back to Taez, according to Yemeni analyst Abdulaziz Al Sabri. 

"Whoever wins Taez wins all of Yemen," he said.

Backed by Saudi-led air strikes, pro-government forces have been battling for months to restore Hadi to power from his exile in Riyadh.

"The direct intervention in the battle, especially of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, in addition to the cover from air, has completely shifted the balance of power... and revealed the other side's weakness," said analyst Ani. 

Military sources say the coalition has provided Hadi's supporters with modern heavy equipment in recent weeks, including tanks and other armoured vehicles as well as personnel carriers and Yemeni soldiers trained in the kingdom.

One source last week reported the deployment of "hundreds of soldiers from Gulf countries" in Aden, while Saudi-owned newspaper Al-Hayat reported that 1,500 troops, most of them from the UAE, had entered the city.

Six Emirati coalition soldiers have so far been reported killed.

The UAE media Tuesday quoted Emirati Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash praising the "professional performance" of his country's troops in Yemen. 

"The operation for liberating Sanaa has proven that we have a strategy that could shift balances" of power, he said.

'Wake up' call 

As well as the Houthis, rebel forces include renegade troops still loyal to former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, who was ousted in 2012.

The conflict has cost nearly 4,300 lives since March, half of them civilians, according to UN figures, while 80 per cent of Yemen's 21 million people need aid and protection.

The president of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Peter Maurer, warned following a three-day visit to Yemen that "the humanitarian situation is nothing short of catastrophic... And it is getting worse by the day".

"The world needs to wake up to what is going on," he said.

The UN's special rapporteur on the right to food, Hilal Elver warned armed factions about "the deliberate starvation of civilians" in the country, where 850,000 children are facing acute malnutrition. 

She said in 6,000,000 people are "severely food insecure", and blamed armed groups, who were besieging population centres, as well as air strikes that have reportedly targeted both markets and trucks carrying food.

The World Health Organization said nearly a quarter of health facilities in Yemen had been knocked out of action since fighting began.

"Additional facilities continue to close down week by week... leaving civilians without access to critical, life-saving health care," it said.


The UN also said tens of thousands of Somali refugees have fled home from Yemen since March, adding to 3,000,000 already in need. 

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