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Jordan remembers King Talal

By JT - Jul 07,2019 - Last updated at Jul 07,2019

AMMAN — Jordan on Sunday marks the 47th death anniversary of the late King Talal.

King Talal, the second king of Jordan, assumed the Throne on September 6, 1951, shortly after the assassination of King Abdullah I on July 20, 1951, in Jerusalem.

Due to health reasons, he abdicated a year later on August 11, 1952 in favour of his eldest son, Prince Hussein.

Under the reign of King Talal, who passed away on July 7, 1972, the country prepared a new liberalised constitution in 1952, which introduced a culture of Arab unity by declaring Jordan part of the Arab nation.

The Constitution also established a new relationship between the government and Parliament by obliging the former to be held accountable by the latter, and to be responsible for its actions before the legislature.

In addition, the Constitution covered the implementation of the principles and objectives of the Great Arab Revolt, led by Sharif Hussein Bin Ali against Ottoman rule in the early 20th century.

The Kingdom marked the revolt’s centennial in 2016.

During King Talal’s reign, Jordan concluded important agreements, including a pan-Arab collective security agreement.

He also introduced compulsory free education, the first of its kind in Jordan and the Arab world, in a move that had a positive impact on the country’s future development.

Born in Mecca in 1909, King Talal studied at the British military academy Sandhurst, and in 1929 became the first Jordanian officer to graduate from the institute.

As a member of the Arab Legion, he fought in battles between Arab and Israeli forces in Jerusalem, Ramallah and other Palestinian towns.

In 1934, he married Zein Al Sharaf, the late Queen Mother, who died in 1994.

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