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Italy’s Conte seeks Brussels reform, vows best behaviour

By AFP - Sep 09,2019 - Last updated at Sep 09,2019

Italy’s Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte drinks a cup of coffee on Monday during the new government confidence vote at the lower house of parliament in Rome (AFP photo)

ROME — Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte called on Monday for the reform of European Union budget rules and cooperation on immigration, ahead of a parliamentary confidence vote in his new government.

The most pressing dossier for the incoming coalition of the anti-establishment Five Star Movement and centre-left Democratic Party is the upcoming 2020 budget, a key test for relations with Brussels.

Much of the start of Conte’s first speech to parliament however was dedicated to chiding the previous populist coalition for endless bickering, and promising the new government would be better behaved.

Conte called for the EU’s Stability and Growth Pact, which limits budget deficits to three percent of gross domestic product in member states, to be “improved” and simplified.

The pact was the main problem between the European Commission and the previous populist government in heavily indebted Italy, which must submit a balanced budget to Brussels in the coming weeks.

Should it fail, Italy could face an automatic rise in value-added tax on January 1 to collect more funds — punishing the poorest the hardest.

However, former Austrian chancellor Sebastian Kurz who heads of the country’s conservative People’s Party (OeVP) rejected any softening of EU rules “as Italy is demanding”.

“Italy must not become a second Greece. In any case, we are not prepared to pay Italy’s debts!” Kurz tweeted on Monday.


Fights and fascism 


Conte said the government would step up efforts to improve the lives of the poor and disadvantaged, from income support for the lowest earners to help for the disabled, earthquake victims and working mothers, as well as tackling gender inequality.

He promised Italians that, after a season of bitter fighting and hate propaganda, the new watchword would be respect.

“We cannot in the coming months waste our time with disputes and clashes,” he said, adding that the government must act with “new humanism” rather than arrogance.

Demonstrators from the far-right League and smaller Brothers of Italy party descended on the square outside parliament, some chanting “Duce! Duce!”, the title fascists used to address wartime dictator Benito Mussolini.

“We will be a serious opposition, in parliament but also among the people, from north to south, one town after another,” League leader Matteo Salvini said, slamming the new alliance between the former party foes.

The former strongman kissed and held aloft his rosary — a political use of a religious object which has irked many Catholics.

Conte said the country was on the threshold of a “season of reforms”, which would work to ease Italy’s colossal public debt, currently more than 2.3 trillion euros or 132 percent of GDP — the highest rate in the eurozone after Greece’s.

Brussels is constantly calling on the eurozone’s third-largest economy to reduce its deficit and the accumulated debt. It frequently clashed with the outgoing populist government over its big-spending plans.

The previous coalition eventually agreed to reduce the annual deficit to 2.04 per cent of GDP in 2019, instead of 2.4 per cent.


‘Transformation’ -


On the hot-button topic of migration, Conte disappointed human rights activists who had hoped he would announce a sharp about-turn on Salvini’s controversial immigration law, although he did say integration measures would be boosted.

He said promises of solidarity between EU member states were not enough, and insisted that both Italy and the bloc must stop treating the migration phenomenon in crisis mode, but implement concrete measures such as humanitarian corridors.

“I fear this ‘new humanism’ is the same as the old one,” Repubblica journalist Marco Mensurati tweeted in reference to two charity rescue vessels still stuck in limbo in the Mediterranean after pulling people to safety at sea.

“Let them disembark,” he said of the 50 migrants — including 12 minors — on board the Ocean Viking, which is run by SOS Mediterranee and Doctors Without Borders, and eight people on board German charity Sea-Eye’s Alan Kurdi.

As Conte spoke, another charity, Sea-Watch, tweeted that their reconnaissance plane had spotted a dinghy “in distress with around 30 people on board” off Libya “with nearly no search and rescue capacities at sea to rescue them”.

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