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End support for Syrian Kurdish YPG or risk confrontation — Turkey to US

By Thomson Reuters Foundation - Jan 25,2018 - Last updated at Jan 25,2018

A displaced Syrian child whose family fled from the town of Jandairis in the southwestern corner of the Afrin enclave, where Turkey and allied rebels have been conducting an offensive to oust Kurdish militias, walks in the city of Afrin on Thursday (AFP photo)

ANKARA/BEIRUT — Turkey urged the United States on Thursday to halt its support for Kurdish YPG fighters or risk confronting Turkish forces on the ground in Syria, some of Ankara's strongest comments yet about a potential clash with its NATO ally.

The comments, from the spokesman for President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's government, underscore the growing bilateral tensions, six days after Turkey launched its air and ground operation, "Olive Branch", in Syria's northwestern Afrin region.

Turkey's targeting of the YPG, which it views as a security threat, has opened a new front in Syria's multisided civil war.

Any push by Turkish forces towards Manbij, part of a Kurdish-held territory some 100km east of Afrin, could threaten US plans to stabilise northeast Syria and bring them into direct confrontation with US troops deployed there.

“Those who support the terrorist organisation will become a target in this battle,” Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag said.

“The United States needs to review its solders and elements giving support to terrorists on the ground in such a way as to avoid a confrontation with Turkey,” Bozdag, who also acts as the government’s spokesman, told broadcaster A Haber. 

The United States has around 2,000 troops in Syria, officially as part of an international, US-led coalition against the Daesh terror group. Washington has angered Ankara by providing arms, training and air support to Syrian Kurdish forces that Turkey views as terrorists.

A coalition spokesman declined to address Bozdag’s comments.

US forces were deployed in and around Manbij last March to deter Turkish and US-backed rebels from attacking each other and have also carried out training missions in the area. 

US President Donald Trump urged Erdogan on Wednesday to curtail the military operation in Syria, the White House said.

However, Turkey has disputed that characterisation of the conversation.

“President Trump did not share any ‘concerns about escalating violence’ with regard to the ongoing military operation in Afrin,” a Turkish official said. 

“The two leaders’ discussion of Operation Olive Branch was limited to an exchange of views,” the official said.

Six days into the campaign, Turkish soldiers and their Free Syrian Army rebel fighter allies have been battling to gain footholds on the western, northern and eastern flanks of Afrin.

They appear to have made only limited gains, hampered by rain and clouds, which have limited the air support.

Turkish warplanes struck the northern borders of Afrin, in tandem with heavy artillery shelling, and one civilian was killed, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a Britain-based monitoring group. 

Dozens of combatants and more than two dozen civilians have been killed so far since Turkey launched the offensive, the observatory has said. 

The Turkish military said in a statement it had killed 303 militants in northern Syria since the operation started.


The Syrian Democratic Forces, a YPG-dominated umbrella group backed by the United States in the fight against Daesh, has previously said that Turkey was exaggerating the number of the dead.

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