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Outside auditors should check bank capital, UK industry body says

By Agencies - Aug 16,2015 - Last updated at Aug 16,2015

LONDON — Asking outside auditors to vouch for the accuracy of a bank's key measure of health could help restore investor trust in the sector, according to a London-based accounting body.

The Institute of Chartered Accountants in England and Wales (ICAEW) kicked off a public consultation on how accountants could check on bank capital ratios, a measure of capital a lender holds in relation to risky assets such as loans.

The ICAEW was asked by the Britain's banking supervisor, the Bank of England's (BoE) Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA), to examine how independent scrutiny could work in practice.

"We need capital ratios to be credible," PRA Chief Executive and BoE Deputy Governor Andrew Bailey said in a statement from the ICAEW.

"We are interested in understanding whether audit of these measures could help contribute to a process of assurance that enhances their credibility," Bailey added.

Although external accountants audit a bank's financial statement, capital ratios included in them are not checked in the same fashion and fully audited ratios would be a world first.

"Capital ratios are probably the most looked-at numbers that banks produce, and yet they are not audited," said Iain Coke, head of ICAEW's financial services faculty. "We need a consistent way to deliver this that meets different users' various needs."

Britain's big banks are audited by one of the Big Four accounting firms, KPMG, EY, Deloitte and PwC, which also sell other services to lenders.

The auditors themselves have come under intense scrutiny from policymakers since they gave banks a clean bill of health just months before many lenders had to be rescued by taxpayers in the 2007-09 financial crisis.

Regulators have uncovered large variations in how much capital banks set aside to cover similar assets, meaning consistency in auditing may also be challenging.

Separately, with reputations tarnished by the financial crisis and a string of scandals, Britain's top banks are trying to adapt and move ahead by embracing mobile technology.

Four years ago, Lloyds Banking Group did not have a single customer accessing services via a smartphone, but today there are five million using such apps — and counting.

"This provides huge opportunities for how we serve our customers," said Nick Williams, consumer digital director at Lloyds.

The trend is echoed across the industry. In 2015, Britain's banking industry body BBA expects 427 million branch transactions for the whole sector, compared to 895 million transactions on mobile phones.

British consumers are now among the top users of banking smartphone applications in developed nations.

"UK consumers were relatively slow in their adoption of online banking, but have embraced mobile banking thanks to the ease and convenience of managing your money on the move," said Philip Benton, an analyst at Euromonitor International.

"It's understandable that the UK retail banking sector is betting on these new technologies," he added.

A recent Euromonitor survey found 36 per cent of British consumers have used a smartphone to access banking services in the past month.

That compares with 44 per cent in the United States, 39 per cent in Australia, 32 per cent in France and 19 per cent in Germany and Japan.

"It's an important evolution of the relation between banks and their customers. This could be the future of retail banking," BBA spokesman Robert Watts told AFP.

Branch closures 

The financial crisis, scandals over rigging the inter-bank and foreign exchange markets and consumer challenges of mis-sold financial products have undermined trust in Britain's top banks — and hit their balance sheets.

Lloyds and other lenders have spent about £26 billion (37 billion euros, $41 billion) alone on compensation for having wrongly sold Payment Protection Insurance (PPI).

The four main banks — Barclays, HSBC, Lloyds and RBS — still dominate the market, holding about three quarters of all current accounts in 2014, according to the Competition and Markets Authority.

But their hold is being challenged by foreign rivals, notably the Spanish banking group Santander, and newer establishments such as Metro Bank, Tesco Bank, Virgin Money or upstarts like Atom and Fidor.

Some of these newer rivals have been quick to use mobile technology to win over customers, notably young people accustomed to shopping and buying music on their phones — forcing the big lenders to innovate.

Mobile banking offers flexibility for users as well as a new market for products that analyse their spending to help them manage their finances, with no need for expensive branches.

Branch transactions are predicted to fall by 37 per cent by 2020, while mobile ones are set to rise by 162 per cent, according to the BBA.

There are about 10,000 bank branches in Britain, but there were almost 500 closures in 2014 as big banks streamline their services and cut jobs.

Critics say the major banks still maintain a structure that is much more expensive than their newer competitors.

"The transmission of data is crucial between the bank and its customers. The big banks are too big to do that" in an innovative and efficient way, said Edward Twiddy, chief operating and innovation officer at Atom Bank, a purely online business run by a staff of about 100 people.

There are still major challenges in shifting to digital banking, however, suggesting lenders have some way before they can dispense with their old operating systems.


Royal Bank of Scotland, for example, has experienced a number of IT problems, including earlier this summer, when almost 600,000 payment orders were affected. The bank recommended clients call customer services — or visit a branch.

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