AMMAN — Jordanian women’s contribution to the economy remains low, especially among married women, according to a study released on Wednesday.
The study, which focused on the impact of women’s marriage and fertility in determining their work status, found that women constituted 14 per cent of the workforce in Jordan, up from 12.3 per cent in 1995 and 11.5 per cent in 1990.
Married women constituted 7.4 per cent of women’s total contribution to the workforce in 2012.
Conducted by the Higher Population Council (HPC) and funded by UNFPA, the study aimed at exploring the impact of women’s employment on their actual fertility levels.
The study showed that economically active women were clustered in university education careers and in administrative and clerical professions.
Women who are economically active and who contribute to the labour force are distinguished by a group of socio-economic and cultural characteristics such as “husbands with high levels of education, a high degree of urbanisation, a relatively later age of marriage, reduced actual fertility levels and a weak consanguineous relationship with the husband”, the report said.
The findings of the study highlight the need to amend laws governing women’s contribution to the labour market, HPC Secretary General Sawsan Majali said.
The amendments should “provide assistive services to enhance women’s contribution to the job market”, Majali added at the launch of the results.
She said these services might include providing means of transportation for women, or nurseries close to their workplace and flexible working hours.
Muna Idris, UNFPA assistant representative, also called for not marginalising women, especially at a time when the world is getting ready to discuss the Millennium Development Goals in 2015.
She also called for removing obstacles that restrict women’s contribution to all fields of development, especially the economy.